DUI Law: Common Abbreviations Used in DUI Traffic Law Enforcement
The following are some of the more prevalent acronyms used:
ALR/ALS: Administrative License Revocation or Administrative License Suspension. This is referred to in the context of a state statute that permits a police officer to seize a license of a driver who refuses an alcohol test or tests over the legal alcohol limit. The driver is given a temporary license and scheduled for a prompt administrative hearing before the state driver licensing agency. ALR/ALS does not replace criminal court action for driving while intoxicated. The purpose of ALR/ALS is to remove the hazard of the drinking driver from the road in a speedier fashion.
BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration. This is measured in driving-while-intoxicated cases.
CDLIS: The nationwide Commercial Driver's License Information System, which contains all commercial driver license information including driving histories of problem commercial drivers. It is typically on-line with the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP) agencies in the various states.
DARE: Drug Abuse Resistance Education, a copyrighted curriculum. The program, which trains police officers to present anti-drug programs in public schools, was started by the Los Angeles Police Department.
DRE: A Drug Recognition Expert. Trained and certified in the IACP Drug Evaluation and Classification Program, a DRE is experienced in administering a battery of physical tests and clinical observations to suspected drug impaired drivers.
DUI: Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, a criminal offense in most states and provinces.
DWI: Driving while intoxicated; the same as DUI.
HGN: Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus, which uses a phenomenon brought on by alcohol and other substances, to assist in determining the blood alcohol level or drug impairment of suspected drunk drivers by examining the angle of onset of nystagmus, a jerking of the eyeballs.
NHTSA: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the entity within the U.S. Department of Transportation which provides federal grants to state pass-through agencies for the maintenance of innovative traffic safety programs, conducts research, and sets federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS).
NSA: The National Sheriffs' Association.
NTSB: The National Transportation Safety Board, which investigates major transportation accidents and makes recommendations for improved transportation safety.
PBT: A Preliminary Breath Test, usually accomplished by means of an electronic or balloon-style device which determines at roadside whether or not a driver has consumed alcoholic beverages, and to what extent.
SFST: Standardized Field Sobriety Testing, a model curriculum developed by the IACP Highway Safety Advisory Committee and NHTSA for performing uniform and standardized road-side physical tests on suspected drunken drivers, based on medically approved techniques.
UVC: The Uniform Vehicle Code, a model code that is maintained by a standing committee of experts, the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances.
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